Case Studies

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Case Studies

The transhumance case studies give an impression of what work and life of practitioners look like. The case studies give an insight into the development of a specific practice and the practitioners’ main experiences, entrepreneurial decisions, and ideas for further development. Some practitioners carry on a family tradition of several generations, others have recently established their business. In all cases, practitioners combine tradition and innovation. The case studies show a broad range of ways to carry out transhumance; however, transhumance is much more diverse than can be covered by a selection of cases. You will find examples of ‘typical’ transhumance – in the plains and in the mountains. We also provide cases that – according to the TRANSFARM definition – are not considered transhumance since practitioners do not accompany the livestock. These cases are included to give additional inspiration.

Figure04-SK03_Photo Martina Slámová
Mária Iván Tamáš
The Biofarm is an example of a cooperation between the administrative body of a national park (the Slovak Karst) and a business entity. The goal of raising goats is ecological grazing. Grazing maintains pastures with a varied composition of herbaceou…
Figure03-SK02_Photo Martina Slámová
Lucia Vojvodová / Salaš Turček AGROTRADE GROUP, Ltd. Rožňava
The business was created and could develop thanks to the existing infrastructure of a former cooperative in the Turček municipality. Sheep farming helps maintain pastures in high mountainous, remote land parcels. The plots are difficult to access for…
Figure02-SK01_Photo Martina Slámová
Jana Lešková / Farm Milko Ltd.
The business builds on previous experience and family traditions, and an existing infrastructure of a former agricultural cooperative. After the Velvet Revolution, during the 1990s, many state-owned farms were transformed into private companies, and …
picture03_IT03_Photo Marianna Fabbrizioli
Fabio Fornasa
Fabio Fornasa has been a shepherd for more than 40 years. He is one of the few transhumance practitioners who still use donkeys for transporting the newborn lambs. He gets help from Manuel, a young shepherd of 24 years. Fabio Fornasa currently lost a…
Picture01_Hu01_Photo Csaba Centeri
Livestock grazing is used for conserving biodiversity in larger areas in national parks. Movement is along short, less-than-a-day routes and among pastures. The pastures are used for feeding the stock and/or for grassland management when the grass mu…
GR5_03_Photo Ioannis Anthoulis
Ioannis Anthoulis
Ioannis Anthoulis is a young man (37 years old) who has worked with transhumance farming systems for more than 20 years. He succeeded his father on the management of farm activities. Nowadays, he owns a big organic farm with 3000 sheep, 50 goats, and…
GR4_ 01_Photo Demetrios Tsatsos
Demetrios Tsatsos
Demetrios Tsatsos is a young man (38 years old) who has dealt with transhumance farming systems for over twenty years. He took over the flock from his father with 500 sheep. Now, he has enlarged his organic farm, which has 800 sheep, 100 goats, and 1…
GR3_03_Photo Rania Dimou
Rania Dimou
Rania Dimou is a young lady (37 years old) trying to establish an organic sheep farm. She has worked on the farm for the last 20 years. All her family is dealing with transhumance livestock.…
GR1_03_Photo Ioannis Dekolis
Ioannis Dekolis
The business was created and could develop thanks to the existing infrastructure of a former cooperative in the Turček municipality. Sheep farming helps maintain pastures in high mountainous, remote land parcels. The plots are difficult to access for…
FR3 - 01_Photo by Patrick Fabre
Patrick Fabre
The Domaine du Merle, a 400-hectare site on the Crau plain in Provence, has been an essential part of transhumance breeding for almost a century. It is a centre for training, research and experimentation on transhumance. association La Maison de la T…
FR2-04_Photo Julie Martin
Marie Bréon
Marie Bréon, head of the association Bergeries en ville, has been practicing eco-pasture (or urban pastoralism) since 2010. Her sheep and goats graze on about fifteen plots of land in Clamart and its surroundings. The association has contracts with m…
ES1_3_Photo Pablo Resco
Los Apisquillos cooperative
‘Los Apisquillos cooperative’ carries out its agro-silvicultural activity in Puebla de la Sierra. The cooperative has around 400 animals, mainly of endangered breeds. It sells primarily meat to consumer groups or to end consumers, but the cooperate i…
DE03_5_Photo Henning Remmers
Henning and Franziska Remmers
Henning and Franziska Remmers moved on and took over the “Dyke Farm” in 2022. They were taking this decision after getting to know the herding and management of a sheep herd since autumn of 2019. Today the Henning Remmers is managing 100 ha of grassl…
DE02_1_Photo Herbert Fleck
Herbert Fleck
The Demeter farm of Herbert Fleck cultivates 60 hectares, 20 of which are leased land. Currently, 48 dairy cows are milked, and most of the milk is processed into fresh milk and yoghurt in the farm's own dairy. The products are delivered directly to …
DE1_1_Photo Oliver Post
Oliver Post
The Adlegg Foundation offers an innovative concept for conservation and preservation of a cultural landscape. A common interest (landscape) and commitment of all partners are the basis of the concept. The success of the concept is based on the use of…
Moving upside down
Hans Küng
The farm of Hans and Lorna Küng is a special transhumance farm considering their way of movement. The animals are moved between 2 locations: Zürs, the main farm at 1.720 m a.s.l. and Bludenz-Bings at 606 m a.s.l. The livestock is in Zürs during winte…
NO05 -3_Photo Ingunn Løken
Simen Løken
Milk production is the main driver for the seasonal farming practice. The milk is collected by TINE – Norway’s largest dairy cooperative. In 2011, tourism was added as an activity, and since then, visitors are welcomed three days a week in July.…
NO04 -6_Photo Sina Joten Søndmør
Sina Joten Søndmør
This is a case study of a newly restarted seasonal farm located in a forested landscape. Milk processing and food production is the main driver for the practice. All milk is processed at the seasonal farm, and products are sold at the seasonal farm a…
Tradition and education
Katharina Sparstad
The summer farming practice is based on hand milking and traditional milk processing. Taking care of biodiversity and management of traditional cultural landscapes are an essential and integral part of the practice. The summer farm is open to visitor…
Tradition and innovation
Kathrin and Thomas Aslaksby
The summer farming practice is based on local processing of goat milk. A mobile ‘dairy trailer’ is used to produce and sell products such as milk and different types of cheese. The summer farm welcomes visitors and offers meals with their production …